Berbere (Morocco, Algeria); Ait-Barka (Morcco); Ati-Mohad; Ait Haddidou; Aknoul; Marmoucha.
The Berber sheep remains outside during night and day, summer and winter, and receives little artificial feeding. Hardiness is thus its prime characteristic. It is also robust, small, fine-boned and of good conformation (Mason, 1967).
It is the typical sheep of the mountains of Morocco and is found in the Grand Atlas, Moyen Atlas and Anti-Atlas. This breed is disappearing in Algeria due to its poor performance and being replaced by other breeds that are more productive in mutton and wool. Nowadays the term Berber may mean any sheep, including Arab sheep with some Berber blood, belonging to the Berber ethnic group (Mason, 1967).
The Berber is the most ancient breed of the Maghreb that spread from Egypt after introduction of the thin-tailed hairy sheep into Africa from west Asia. The coarse wool is considered to have evolved over time from the hairy coat of early populations.